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24 May 2024: Clinical Research

Enhanced Recovery of Local Anesthesia in Pediatric Patients: The Impact of Photobiomodulation on Reversing Anesthesia Effects

Aneta Olszewska 1ABDEF* , Jacek Matys 2ACEF , Kinga Grzech-Leśniak 2ADF , Agata Czajka-Jakubowska 1ABDF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941928

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e941928

Table 4 Duration of action for several local anesthetic agents used in dentistry.

Local anestheticApproximate duration of pulpal anesthesia [minutes]Approximate duration of soft tissue anesthesia [minutes]
Bupivacaine hydrochloride 0.5% with epinephrine1: 200,000>90240–720
Lidocaine hydrochloride 2% without vasoconstrictor30–45
2% with epinephrine1: 50,00060180–300
2% with epinephrine1: 100,00060180–300
Mepivacaine hydrochloride 3% without vasoconstrictor5–1090–120
2% with levonordefrin1: 20,00060180–300
Prilocaine hydrochloride 4% without vasoconstrictor40–60120–240
Articaine 4% with epinephrine1: 100,00060–90180–480
Articaine 4% with epinephrine1: 200,00045–60180–240

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750